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初中英语复合句学案
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初中英语复合句复习学案复习目标:1 The Object Clause (宾语从句)、The Adverbial Clause (状语从句) 和 The Attributive Clause (定语从句)。2 能灵活运用各个复合句。 【课内探究】/ The Object Clause (宾语从句) A 1/that 的省略: that 引导的宾语从句用来陈述事实,that本身无词义,在从句中不作任何成分,在口语中或非正式文体中常常可被省略。e/g/ Im afraid _ youll have to wait/ 2/宾语从句的否定转移:主句是I/We think/suppose/guess/believe等时,从句中的否定习惯上要转移到主句中。误:I think chickens can not swim/正:此外,上述情况在变成反意疑问句时,附加疑问句要看从句,如果主句的主语不是第一人称,则附加疑问句要看主句。试比较:I think he is wrong/ _? He thinks he is right/ _?B) Introduced by if/whetherif/whether都可作宾语从句的引导词,意为“是否”,在一般情况下可以互换。if多用于口语和非正式文体中,whether则多用于比较正式的文体中。如She asked me_ I could help her with her English/Note/ 只用whether的六种情况:1/在带to的动词不定式前2/在介词后3/直接与or not连用时4/ 在动词discuss后面的宾语从句中5/宾语从句提前时只能用whether 6 引导位于句首的主语从句或表语从句用whether 用if 或whether 填空He doesnt know _to go to the cinema or to watch TV at home/Im thinking of_ we should go fishing/I dont know _ or not they will come to help us/We discussed _would have a sports meeting next week/_this is true or not/ I cant say/_ he is right or wrong is a question/C) Introduced by relative pronouns and adverbs(连接代词和连接副词)难点:1误: Do you know how old is she? 正:2 误:She didnt tell me when she will come/ 正:转换:由连接代词和连接副词引导的宾语从句可用疑问代词和疑问副词动词不定式替代,进行句型上的转换。Could you tell me how I can get to the post office? =宾语从句中考题练兵一、单项选择 ( ) 1/ I dont think he will come here on time/_? (2011重庆) A/ wont he B/ will he C/ does he D/ is he ( ) 2/ Will you please tell me_ ? (2012上海) A/ where Pudong Airport is B/ how far Pudong Airport wasC/ how can we get to Pudong Airport D/ when was Pudong Airport built ( ) 3/ Its not polite to ask people_in England/ (2011常州) A/ how much money you have got B/ what the weather is likeC/ what your city looks like D/ how old are you ( ) 4/ I wonder if he_tonight/ If he_/ Ill let you know/ (2012扬州) A/ will come/ will come B/ comes/ comesC/ will come/ comes D/ comes/ will come( )5/ What did your PE teacher say about your high jump at the sports meeting? He said that I _ better/A/ can do B/ am C/ will do D/ could do二、按要求改写句子1/“Do you want to try something new?” Toms mother asked him/ (改为复合句/句意不变) Toms mother asked him_to try something new/2 Could you tell me the way to the station? (改写句子/句意不变) (2011青岛) Could you tell me_to the station?3/ “I have finished my homework/” John told me/ (改为复合句/句意不变) (2012天津)John told me that_ homework/4 I dont how I can reach the zoo/ (改为简单句) (2011宿迁) I dont know_the zoo/5“Does light travel faster than sound?” Tom asked/ (改为复合句)Tom asked _ _ _ _ _ _/ The Adverbial Clause (状语从句)状语从句是副词性从句,其句***能是修饰谓语或整个句子等,在句中作状语,通常由从属连词引导。A) The Adverbial Clause of Time (时间状语从句)Note/ 在时间状语从句中,主句和从句之间的时态应按下列规律确定。1) 主句一般将来时,从句用一般现在时: 2) 主句含有情态动词,从句用一般现在时: 3) 主句为祈使句时,从句用一般现在时: 4) 主句为一般过去时,从句也用过去时态:B)The Adverbial Clause of Condition (条件状语从句)1) 条件状语从句通常由if或unless(=if not)引导,从句中常用一般时代替将来时,即if或unless后的句子谓语用一般现在时或一般过去时。但是,主句则通常用将来时,情态动词或祈使句。2) If 条件句的替代形式: (1)祈使句 + and/or + 陈述句(谓语动词通常用将来时态)。其中,and表示句意顺承;or表示转折,意为“否则”。e/g/ If you work hard/ youll pass the exam easily/ =_(2)用介词with/ without的替代形式: e/g/ If there is no water/ the fish may die/=_/状语从句中考题练兵:一、 单项选择 ( ) 1/ Somebody rang me up just now/ but he hung up_I could answer the phone/ (无锡2011)A/ when B/ until C/ before D/ since ( ) 2/ Mr Smith usually reads a newspaper _hes waiting for the bus/ (2012徐州) A/ if B/ the C/ because D/ while ( ) 3/ You must leave here now_your mother can get some more rest/ (2011常州) A/ because B/ though C/ so that D/ so ( ) 4/ The meeting is_important that you mustnt miss it/ (2011盐城) A/ very B/ such C/ so D/ too ( ) 5/ Im going to the supermarket/ -_you are there/ would you please buy me some vegetables? (2012镇江) A/ If B/ Because C/ While D/ After二、同义句改写1/Wherever he is/ he can make himself at home/ (2011广州)_he is/ he can make himself at home/2 Miss Smith left here after the rain stopped/ (2012淮安) Miss Smith_leave here_the rain stopped/3 Tom was too happy to get to sleep/ (2009大连) Tom was_happy_he couldnt_/4 If you dont hurry up / you will be late /( 2011 南京)_/ or you _/5 Get off the bus when the driver tells you/ (2012宁夏)Dont get off the bus_you_/ / The Attributive Clause (定语从句)引导定语从句的关系代词that和which,在一般情况下,尽管可以互换使用,但在下列情况下,只能用that,而不用which:1/ 先行词是复合不定代词everything/ anything/ nothing等时。2/ 先行词被序数词或the last修饰时。3/ 先行词被形容词最高级修饰时。4/ 先行词被the only/ the very/ the same等修饰时。5/ 先行词是或被all/ no/ some/ any/ little/ much等修饰时6/ 先行词既包含人又包含物时。7/ 主句是以who/ which引导的特殊疑问句时。只能用which 不能用that 的情况:1/ 在非***性定语从句中只能使用关系词which,不能使用关系词that2/ 在“介词+关系代词”引导的定语从句中,只能使用关系词which,不能使用that定语从句中考题练兵:一、单项选择 ( ) 1/ The number of people_lost homes reached as many as 250/000/ A/ which B/ who C/ whom D/ / ( ) 2/ This is the most beautiful part_ I have_visited/ A/ which/ ever B/ that/ never C/ which/ yet D/ that/ ever ( ) 3/ My necklace is not the only thing_is missing/ A/ that B/ which C/ what D/ / ( ) 4/ Were talking about Tonny/_you met yesterday/ A/ with who B/ whom C/ which D/ that ( ) 5/ Is this the very museum_some Japanese visitors visited last Wednesday? A/ one B/ where C/ that D/ which ( ) 6/ The book_cover is red is Toms/ A/ which B/ that C/ / D/ whose ( )7 Is that the novel about_they talked in class yesterday? A/ which B/ that C/ who D/ / 【收获平台】_。【巩固检测】一、单项选择( )1Tom will call me as soon as he _ home/ (2010北京)Agets Bhas got Cgot Dwill get( )2Im leaving now/ _ you turn off the lights/ (2010浙江杭州) A/ To make sure B/ Make sure C/ Made sure D/ Making sure、( )3/ -Shall I tell Bob the news? -No/ you _/ Ive told him already/ A/ shouldnt B/ wouldnt C/ mustnt D/ neednt ( )4/We wont start the meeting _ our teacher arrives/ (2010天津)Athough Buntil Cwhile Dor ( )5/He wanted to know _ the English party/ (2010天津)Awhen will we haveBwhen we will haveCwhen would we have Dwhen we should have( )6/Jamie is a young cook _ wants to improve school dinners/Awho Bwhose Cwhom Dwhich ( )7/We will have no water to drink _ we dont protect the earthAuntil Bbefore C though Dif( )8/I want to know _(2010上海)Awhen we should arrive at the airport Bwhen should we arrive at the airportCwhen the airport we should arrive atDwhen the airport should we arrive at( )9/ -Another cup of coffee? -No/ thanks/ I _ be off/ Mary is waiting for me/ A/ can B/ may C/ must D/ might( )10/-David/ look at the man in white over there/ Can you tell me _?He is a doctor/ (2010重庆)AWho is he Bwho he isCwhat is he Dwhat he is二、用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空。1/ I dont think the watch will _ (mend) well in 2 days/ 2/ She said that the sun _ (be) brighter than the moon/ 3/ I will take back what I _ (say)/4/ I wanted to know if he _ (can) mend the car/ 5/ Tom told his boss that he _ (finish) the work well if he _ (give) another chance/ 【课后提升】 一、把下列句子变成反意疑问句。1/Im as tall as your sister/ _?2/ I wish to have a word with you/ _?3/The Swede made no answer/ _? 4/ Some plants never blown/ _?5/We have to get there at eight tomorrow/ _?二、完型填空Some people believe that dreams can tell them what will happen in the future/ 1knows why this is so/ but there are many stories about people who had dreams that came true/ One of these people was a man 2 John Chapman/ who lived in Swaffham in England many years ago/John Chapman dreamt that he was standing on London Bridge and a man told him how to become rich/ John Chapman was a poor man and he needed 3/ so the next day he decided to leave for London/ It was 100 miles from Swaffham to London/ He walked for a few days and at last he 4 London Bridge/ There were many people on the bridge/ but they werent 5 in John Chapman/ No one 6 him/ After three days/ John Chapman decided to go home/ 7 before he could do this/ a shopkeeper came up to him/“Ive been watching you/” he said/ “Are you 8 someone?” “Yes/” said John/ “I had a dream about a man here/ He would help me to get much money/”“Oh/” said the shopkeeper/ “You shouldnt believe in dreams/ 9 I believe in dreams/ Id be in Swaffham right now/ I ha
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