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英语人教版八年级下册Unit 6 Section A 3
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Unit 6 An old man tried to moved the mountains/Section A 3 (Grammar focus-4c)一、教学目标: 1/ 语言知识目标:1) 学习掌握下列词汇:stepsister/ prince/ couple/ smile/ marry / get married/ fit/ fall in love2)进行一步复习巩固学习Section A 部分所学的生词和词组。3)对询问故事的开始、发展、及故事人物、情节等语句进行归纳总结。4) 掌握unless/ as soon as/ sothat的用法,并通过不同方式的练习,来熟练运用这些词汇的用法。2/ 情感态度价值观目标:多阅读中国传统文学名著,让学生们明白中国传统文化的博大精深,并吸取中国传统文化中的精华。 二、教学重难点1/ 教学重点:1) 复习巩固Section A 部分所学的生词和词组,达到熟练运用的目标。2) unless/ as soon as/ sothat的用法。2/ 教学难点:1) 动词的正确形式填空。2) 掌握unless/ as soon as/ sothat的用法。三、教学过程Step 1 Revision1/ Have a dictation of the new words learned in the last class/ Review some main phrases we learned in the last class/一、按要求写出下列词汇或词组。1/ can (同义词) _2/ if not (同义词) _3/ named (同义词) _4/ 会72变化 (汉译英) _5/ 将变成 (汉译英) _6/ 如此以至于(汉译英) _7/ 一就 (汉译英) _Answers/ be able to/ unless/ called/ make 72 changes/ turn into/ so that/ as soon as2/ Let Ss tell something about the Monkey King/ (见课件)Step 2 Grammar focus1/ 学生阅读Grammar Focus中的句子,然后做填空练习。 故事是如何开始的? _ does the story _? 从前,有一位老翁 _ _ _ _ there was a very old man 接下来发生了什么事? _ _ next? 那个人刚一说完,愚公就说在他死后,他的家人可以继续移山。 _ _ _ the man finished talking/ Yu Gong said that his family could _ _ move the mountains after he _/ 为什么愚公要移山呢? _ _ Yu Gong trying to _ the mountains? 因为山太大了,到达山对面要花费他们很长的时间。 Because they were _ _ _ it took a long time _ _the other side/ 美猴王是谁? _ is the Monkey _ ? 他是西游记里的主要人物。 He is the_ _ in _ to the West/ 为什么美猴王不能将自己变***? Why _ the Monkey King _ _ _ a person? 除非他能藏起自己的尾巴,否则他不能将自己变***。 He cant _ himself _ a person _ he can _ his _/ 2/ 学生们根据记忆,看大屏幕来完成填空练习。3/ 学生们完成填空试题后,可以打开课本检查答案,对错误的句子,单独进行强化记忆。Answers/ 1/ How/ begin 2/Once upon a time 3/What happened 4/ As soon as/ continue to/ died 5/ Why was/ move 6/ so big that/ to walk 7/ Who/ King 8/ main character/ Journey 9/ cant turn/ himself into 10/ turn into/ unless hide/ tail Step 3 Grammar 1/ unless是连词,意为“除非;如果不”,引导条件状语从句,含有否定意义,相当于if / not 。注意:unless引导条件状语从句时,如果主句是一般将来时,从句用一般现在时表将来。如:Well go to the concert unless it doesnt rain/ 2/ as soon as是连词词组,引导时间状语从句,意为“一就”。 as soon as引导的时间状语从句中,若主句是一般将来时,从句用一般现在时表将来。如:My brother will look for a job as soon as he leaves school/ 3/ so / that表示“如此以至于”,常用于引导结果状语从句。常见结构为:“so +形容词/副词+ that从句”或“so +形容词+ a / an +单数名词+ that从句”。如:He was so excited that he couldnt say a word/ It is so interesting a book that many people want to buy it/ Step 4 New words Look at the big screen and learn the new words and expressions/ 1/ stepsister n/ 继姐(妹) e/g/ Jennys father remarried and shes going to have a stepsister/ 珍妮的父亲再婚了,她将有一个继妹。2/ prince n/ 王子 e/g/ The witch changed the prince into a frog/ 巫婆将王子变成了一只青蛙。3/ fit v/ 适合;合身e/g/ The new shoes dont fit/ so she gave them back/新鞋子不太合适,因此她将它退回了。4/ couple n/ 两人;两件事物 e/g/ The new couple is moving in next week/ 新婚夫妇下周迁入新居。5/ smile v/ 笑;微笑 e/g/ Ms/ Smith smiles at all the children/ 史密斯老师向所有孩子们微笑。6/ marry v/ 结婚 作及物动词时,后面必须跟宾语。常见错误表达方式:与某人结婚 marry with sb/ e/g/ He is going to marry Jane in May/ 他将于五月与简结婚。7/ 常用词组:get married (to sb/)e/g/ My aunt got married to a lawyer last year/ 去年我的姑姑嫁给了一位法官。 8/ fall in love 爱上;喜欢上e/g/ They fell in love at first sight/ 他们一见钟情。Step 5 PracticeWork on 4a/ 1/ Tell Ss to read the sentences in 4a and try to fill in the blanks with unless/ as soon as/ sothat/ 2/ 方法指导:首先,先阅读所给的词组,明确每个词组的意思。 其次,通读全句,理解大意;然后,根据句意及句子中上下文意的提示来确定空格处的意思。3/学生们,按老师指导的方法进行阅读,并逐句推敲每空应填什么词组,在实际的运用中提高自己的阅读能力、分析能力及综合运用能力。 4/ 最后,教师与同学们一起校对答案,并对学生们有疑问的地方进行解释,或做出合理的分析点拨。 示例: 1/ _ her father died/ the stepsisters made her do all the chores/ as soon as/ 点拨:分析句子结构可知,后一句“继姐让她做所有的家务”是主句,上一句“她的父亲死后”应是句子的时间状语。因此,应用as soon as 来引导时间状语从句。 as soon as 意为“一就”,时态遵循“主将从现;主过从过”的原则。 2/ She was _ busy _ she had no time to make a dress for the party/ so that/ 点拨:分析句意可知“忙”所导致的结果是“没有时间为聚会做一件礼服”。 so that 意为“如此以至于”,常用于结果状语从句,表示上文动作所产生的结果,故空格处应用sothat。前后句时态,要保持一致。 3/ The mice knew that _ they helped her make a dress/ she would not be able to go to the party/ unless/ 点拨:句意“公主知道,除非他们帮她做一件礼服,她就会不能去参加那个晚会。”可知前一句是后一句的条件。 unless 意为“除非;如果不”,引导条件状语从句,相当于if条件状语从句的否定句;时态遵循“主将从现;主过从过”的原则。 4/ _ the prince saw her/ he fell in love with her/as soon as/点拨:句意“王子一看到她,就爱上了她”,可知上一句应为一时间状语从句,故应用as soon as来引导, 表示“一就”之意。 5/ The prince knew _ the girls foot could fit the shoe/ it was not the right girl/ unless/ 点拨:句意“王子知道,除非女孩的脚与鞋子合适,否则就不是他要的女孩”,可知上下句之间存在条件关系 故应用unless一词。6/ The new couple were _ happy _ they couldnt stop smiling when they got married/ 点拨:句意“这对新婚夫妇是如此的幸福,以至于他们不停地在笑。”,可知上下文之间存在因果关系,“高兴”的结果是“不停地在笑” ,故应用sothat句式。Work on 4b/ 1/ 让学生们阅读短文,了解短文的大意,为进行填词做好准备。2/ 认真阅读每个句子,分析句子的时态,根据上下文确定括号中单词应该填的时态。3/ 逐句进行分析推敲,确定括号中单词的恰当时态。4/ 最后,通读一遍短文,进行综合理解,看短文内容是否通顺,合理。5/ Check the answers with the Ss/ Fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the verbs in brackets/The Monkey King is the main character from the famous Chinese story Journey to the West/ He is wonderful because he _ (help) weak people/ The Monkey King _ (have) a magic stick/ He _ (use) it to fight bad people/ He can _ (make) the stick big or small/ He can sometimes make the stick so small that he can put it in his ear/ As soon as he _ (see) bad people/ he thinks of ways to fight them/ He can _ (turn) himself into different animals or objects/ But unless he can hide his tail/ he cannot make himself a human/ Children all over the world _ (love) the Monkey King/Answers/ helps/ has/ uses/ make/ sees/ turn/ loveStep 6 Telling stories 1/ 让一名学生想一想自己最喜欢的句子。2/ 可以先让学生们自己试着用英语先编写一下故事大概。3/ 提示学生们运用正确的时态。4/ 让学生们以小组为单位分别自主发挥,用英语讲述自己最为熟悉的故事。 (老师及其他同学们不要随便打断学生们的讲述,可以在讲完故事后,对其出错的句子进行订正,)示例:My favorite story is The Story of Arfanti/ Its interesting because he is so wise that he can play the fool with the rich and the king and he a
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